Safety and Health Training
Education and training are extremely important methods for communicating useful information on the requirements of efficient safety and health protection to all employees. Without such knowledge, managers, supervisors, and other employees could not carry out their duties for safety and health protection.
Safety and health professionals have long acknowledged stand-alone safety and health programs can be too narrow in scope and not meet companies’ individual needs. Many prefer integrating safety and health protection considerations into organizational activities. Safety and health information is most effective when incorporated into other training such as management training, performance evaluation, problem-solving, managing change; and supervisors’ training.
The act of training itself is not enough to develop a useful understanding. employers must make sure employees, supervisors, and managers understand safety and health information. Employers should consider formal testing, oral questioning, and observation as ways to determine comprehension. Safety and health management should apply the same diligence concerning safety and health protection as is applied to ensuring an understanding of other operational requirements, such as time and attendance, production schedules, and job skills.
Employers should make sure that all employees recognize the hazards to which they may be exposed. and utilize established methods that have demonstrated harm prevention to themselves and others from exposure to these hazards, so that employees accept and follow established safety and health protections.”
The employee’s commitment and cooperation are critical for preventing and controlling exposure to hazards, not only for their own safety and health but for others as well. That commitment and cooperation are based on their understanding of the hazards they may be exposed to, why the hazards pose a threat, and how they can protect themselves and others.
Education and training in safety and health protection are especially critical for employees who are assuming new duties. Employees have a higher disproportionate rate of injury when they are assigned new work tasks. While a few of these injuries may be attributable to other causes, a significant amount remain directly linked to the inadequate experience of work hazards and safe work practices.
The amount of hazard material which is required by employees will vary, but should include:
- The general hazards and safety rules of the worksite
- Specific hazards, safety rules, and practices related to particular work assignments, and
- The employee’s role in emergency situations, such information is particularly relevant to hazards that may not be readily apparent within the ordinary experience and knowledge of the employee.
Ensure that supervisors understand their responsibilities and the reasons for them, so that they will carry out their safety and health duties effectively.
- analyzing the work under their supervision to identify unrecognized potential hazards,
- maintaining physical protections in their work areas, and
- reinforcing employee training on the nature of potential hazards in their work and on needed protective measures, through continual performance feedback and enforcement of safe work practices.
First-line supervisors have an essential obligation in the safety and health protection of their employees and for the job being done. Appropriately trained supervisors will focus on their safety and health management responsibilities as well as hazard prevention and response to emergencies.
Ensure that managers understand their safety and health responsibilities so that the managers will effectively execute them. Managers who understand the way and the extent to which effective safety and health protection impact the overall effectiveness of the business itself are more likely to ensure that necessary safety and health management systems operate as needed.